Before learning face to face, it is better to learn from neighboring countries first

Before learning face to face, it is better to learn from neighboring countries first

Along with the decline in the number of new COVID-19 cases and the PPKM level, face-to-face teaching and learning activities in various schools in Indonesia have started to be implemented.

In practice, each school applies its own method which is considered to be the safest and most appropriate for its condition. One of the boarding schools in Bogor is setting up face-to-face schools where the number of students is gradually increasing. Meanwhile, a private school in Jakarta implements strict health protocols and requires all educators to be vaccinated, even though every student brings a negative antigen swab result if the student gets a school tour opposite. to face.

On the other hand, there are also various schools inside with various types of limited facilities so that face-to-face schools do not run according to health protocols determined by the government.

Based on education statistics data from the Ministry of Education and Culture for the 2020/2021 school year, there are in Indonesia nearly 25 million primary school students, about 10 million middle school students, about 5 million high school students and 5 million students in vocational training. . In Jakarta alone, there are nearly 1.6 million primary through secondary students for the 2020/2021 school year. Since October 19, 2021, face-to-face learning (PTM) has been in place up to high school. This means that 1.6 million students in Jakarta are returning to face-to-face school.

And in neighboring countries?

Since the emergence of COVID-19 that started in Wuhan, China, this is where face-to-face schooling was first implemented again and then began to spread to others Chinese cities at the end of April 2020. In China, all students are compulsory to attend face-to-face schools, but the teacher checks each student’s temperature at the school gates, and student desks are staffed. acrylic dividers.

Unlike Japan, parents are required to independently check their child’s temperature and complete a health card (containing health data, including the temperature and symptoms that children experience each day) that students will collect each day from school. In addition, Japan imposes intermittent class schedules in some schools to limit the number of students entering per day.

In Thailand, the PTM has also implemented aspects of physical distancing by adjusting the distance between student seats and closing the canteen to avoid crowds so that students are required to have lunch at their respective tables.

In fact, several countries have opened face-to-face schools, but have had to close again due to an increase in COVID-19 cases. For example, in Malaysia, PTM started in April 2021, but schools had to be closed again in August 2021 due to a spike in cases among children and adolescents.

While in Thailand PTM, it had been operating for almost a year from July 2020 before finally closing schools again in April 2021.

In developed countries such as America, which launched the PTM in January 2021, finally combining it again with online home schooling once a week. In the UK, which started in March 2021, the lawsuit is still in the assessment stage.

Is there a country that has successfully implemented the PTM to date?

Denmark, the first country in Europe to relaunch the PTM in schools in May 2020, is a country considered quite successful in implementing the PTM and is used as an example for developed countries such as England or the United Kingdom. America in developing regulations related to PTM in their respective countries.

Denmark uses a bubble system, which is a learning system in which students are divided into bubbles or small groups. A bubble consists of less than 10 students who have the same class schedule, use the same classroom, the same play area and are taught by the same teacher.

A bubble does not interact with other bubbles, making it easier to find contacts if a COVID-19 case appears. In addition, if COVID-19 is detected in any of the teachers or students, it suffices to isolate a single bubble and there is no need to lock down a school for teaching and learning activities to be able to take place. continue as usual.

How should PTM be in Indonesia?

The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that schools be opened immediately after being closed for more than 18 months, because there are concerns that there is a loss of learning among the younger generation. In addition, homeschooling is also seen to have various behavioral changes in children, such as laziness to do physical activities, using electronic devices for longer, emotional and psychological changes such as anxiety and even depression.

Of course, after studying how PTM is carried out in neighboring countries and with careful consideration, the Indonesian government, on the basis of a Joint Decree (SKB) of 4 ministers, issued a regulation regarding PTM, which should start gradually in schools with fully immunized educators. .

The government also gives parents or guardians the freedom to decide whether children are allowed to attend face-to-face school or not. In SKB 4 ministers, the government has regulated how the PTM is to be carried out in schools; the distance between the students in the class must be at least 1.5 meters, mandatory health protocols (wearing a 3-layer mask or surgical mask, washing hands, and coughing etiquette), until the canteen can – will it be reopened and extracurricular activities take place. The government has also designed surveillance and case detection that are impacting PTM. If a case of Covid-19 is detected in the implementation, face-to-face schools will be temporarily suspended.

The face-to-face school experience in Denmark seems quite ideal to be applied in Indonesia. The PTM is organized in such a way that it remains safe for students, and case findings isolate only a small group and do not immediately stop teaching and learning activities in a school. However, keep in mind that the implementation of this bubble system will require a lot of educators, while the number of teachers is only around 2.4 million for a total of 45 million students. in Indonesia based on statistics from the Ministry of Education and Culture for the 2020/2021 school year. This means that there must be a minimum of 4.5 million educators before Indonesia can adopt a bubble system for PTM.

In addition, Indonesia is also a very large archipelagic country with varying capacities from each region, implementing the PTM is a challenge that requires schools, both private and public, and we as citizens to be active and creative in making PTM successful and safe.


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