There are at least two main tasks of government officials anywhere in the government of a country, namely to administer the government and to provide services to the community. In the exercise of these functions, public officials are ethically bound to be trustworthy and responsible for the positions they occupy in accordance with the oath of office.
The ethics of public officials or government officials or ethical governance It can be seen and felt by the public when the public servant is involved in using their authority to make a decision or a policy.
In the provisions of articles 4 and 5, Law 29/1999 concerning the implementation of a clean state and without KKN at least regulated what are the rights and what are the obligations of each state administrator. There are 4 rights and 7 obligations, but in State practice these obligations have not been fully implemented. More on the claim of rights than on the respect of obligations.
Considering that as public officials are required to implement good governance or good governance and clean up the government or clean government. Thus, there is a balance between what is their right, namely to obtain facilities from the state, including social status in society due to the different treatment of citizens in general in some cases, which have been regulated with what are their obligations.
The individual behavior inherent in the civil service of government by the civil servant will be in the spotlight when it goes beyond ethics, as this behavior can lead to a decrease in personal authority, position or the institution itself, which in turn reduces the authority of the government in general in the eyes of the community.
Unfortunately, in the life of the state today, people forget that there are ethics that are implemented in positions so that ethics violations are considered normal. In fact, avoid various reasons as if the policies adopted by the government administration were following their own will or what they wanted.
Like the country it’s me like I am the state spoken by Luis XVI in 16th century France. If this is the case and there has been a real loss to the public, the competent authority should not remain silent, it should be thoroughly investigated so that there is accountability to the public. public according to the applicable legal rules.
KKN behavior and conflict of interest
Ethics is in fact nothing new in the life of the state, especially in today’s modern democratic era. The government ethic that is embodied in good governance, has at least been clearly contained in the values of Pancasila, which are also the noble values of this great nation, and should be applied in the direction of government.
In addition, if the vision and mission of government place the interests of the state, the interests of the community above personal and collective interests, and avoid conflicts of interest as much as possible. Thus, there should be no abuse of authority over his position or abuse of power.
Also remember that before being appointed to a position, a public official takes an oath according to his religion and belief, so that a clear violation of ethics also means a violation of the oath of office. Ethics is etymologically derived from Greek, namely ethos and ethikos which means nature, character, customs, habits or morals, civility or good deeds, containing values of good virtue.
Thus, ethics teaches how to behave correctly and correctly. Therefore, it is important that a public official, when appointed to his post, has a good ethical background so that ethical violations can be avoided from the start.
There should be a culture of shame, and without being asked, he should be responsible for his actions, including choosing to step down. The practice commonly practiced by public officials in other countries such as Japan has a bushido culture, namely meiyo, which is the value of maintaining a good reputation or maintaining self-esteem by behaving honorably. Things that have not become a culture in this country.
The virtues of good state practice in modern government leadership contain four things, namely wisdom with good consideration.caution), Justice (Justice), puts the moral risk good in every action, or decision and strength or steadfastness in the face of deviating temptations (courage), and able to control themselves with simplicity far from the culture of hedonism (temperance).
These four things, called the four cardinal virtuess. Quoting the opinion of John Rawls in A theory of justice (1995), that the fundamental task must be defined for a sense of justice. In essence, individual rights will end when the individual is involved in a political position of power, so that more obligations will be attached to him.
Thus, public officials must distinguish between private interests and public interests. When exercising a public function in accordance with Law 28/1999, among the various existing legal rules, there are two of the five obligations that must be fulfilled, namely not to commit acts of KKN, to exercise his functions with a full sense of responsibility and not to commit shameful acts, without any conditions, for personal, family, friends or group interests, and do not expect any form of compensation contrary to the laws and regulations in force.
Especially in a country that is currently affected by a pandemic. The state has already borne too heavy a burden for this and the people have always been a victim. If there are public servants who disregard ethics, or even take advantage of the situation through policies because their positions are for personal interests, then it is appropriate to ask where is the integrity of officials.