PRESIDENT Jokowi encourages the importance of strengthening the global health architecture that adheres to the principles of solidarity, equality, justice and transparency during the first session of the G20 Summit (30/10) in Rome, in Italy.
“In order to overcome the global crisis, the president proposed several measures such as the creation of a mechanism to increase global health resources, the compilation of health protocols for cross-border activities and the optimization of the role of the G20 in efforts to overcome the scarcity and gaps in essential vaccines, drugs and health devices, ”he said. Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi through a virtual press release resulting from a working visit to Rome. During the meeting, world leaders discussed efforts to emerge from the economic and health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
In addition to focusing on building global health resilience, President Jokowi also underscored the importance of accelerating the global economic recovery that is stronger, more inclusive and sustainable. According to the Foreign Minister, the meeting formed a shared view among leaders that the pandemic was not over and that the global economy had not yet recovered. In addition, the leaders agreed to support the global strategy issued by the WHO on the need to vaccinate 40% by the end of 2021 and 70% by mid-2022.
Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati added that the global economic recovery had occurred but was uneven. The reasons include unequal access to vaccines across the world between developed and developing countries and other poor countries. “The Covid-19 is a real threat to the global economy, so during the discussion between the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Health, it was agreed to put in place a mechanism for preparing for a pandemic,” said said the Minister of Finance.
The president made interventions that encourage the strengthening of the global health architecture through a collaborative commitment to control pandemics around the world by ensuring rapid, fair, safe and affordable access to vaccines, therapeutics, diagnostics and equipment health as global public goods. “The G20 agreed that there would be a joint Finance-Health working group, a working unit between the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Health within the framework of the G20 which aims to prepare for prevention, preparedness and response or PPR to the pandemic, led by the finance ministers of Indonesia and Italy, ”explained SMI.
The form of the working group will be discussed in more detail during the discussion under the Indonesian Chairmanship, so Indonesia’s role is important as Indonesia is a large country and is committed to making progress in vaccination matters. MSMEs and the role of women for the Indonesian national economy At the side events titled Supporting SMEs and Women-Owned Enterprises to Bounce Back, the President stressed that the empowerment of MSMEs and women is a central policy to accelerate the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in Indonesia. In his explanation, President Jokowi gave several examples of government partisanship in the empowerment of MSMEs and women through several inclusive programs such as the Micro Waqf Bank, the Mekar program, Ultra Micro Financing, the People’s Business Credit Program ( KUR) and other programs related to the digitization of MSMEs.
The government program involves 65 million MSMEs who contribute 61% of the national economy with 64% of MSME actors being women. At this event, Ratu Maxima also appreciated Indonesia’s inclusive economic program with the presence of online motorcycle taxi services.
In addition to the above two activities, President Jokowi also attended several bilateral meetings with three countries, namely Australia, France and Turkey, as well as with the World Bank. In a meeting with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, the two countries agreed to a joint statement on green economy and energy cooperation. The Coordinating Minister of the Economy, Airlangga Hartarto, explained: “Australia also argues that policies in the energy sector and energy transition must be followed by finance and investment linked to climate and technologies. affordable and available. This should encourage the acceleration of green energy. “
On the issue of the pandemic, the two countries spoke of cooperation to open up access to tourism with the recognition of the certification of vaccines by a number of countries (Vaccinated Travel Lane / VTL). President Jokowi is also grateful for Australia’s help in sending 10.5 million doses of the vaccine some time ago.
In addition, the bilateral meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron focused on cooperation in the field of defense equipment (the main tool of the weapons system) and co-production. France has expressed its support for the presidency of the G20. Indonesia also discussed Indonesia-EU cooperation with France as current EU president. “Indonesia hopes that the I-EU-CEPA acceleration for the Indonesian economy will increase Indonesian exports to Europe and vice versa,” said the coordinating minister of economy Airlangga.
The two countries also discussed climate change mitigation issues related to preventing deforestation. President Jokowi revealed that currently cases of karhutla (forest and land fires) have reached their lowest level in the past 20 years. President Joko Widodo pledged to make efforts to restore mangrove forests up to 600,000 hectares over the next three years.
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During the bilateral meeting with Turkey, Indonesia discussed several cooperation, notably related to the Indonesian CPO which has a large market in Turkey. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan also revealed his planned visit to Indonesia in early 2022 to discuss the Indonesia-Turkey Comprehensive Economic Partnership (IT-CEPA). (RO / OL-14)