Speaker program builds Woloan Stilt House study village

Speaker program builds Woloan Stilt House study village

It started with a house tied to a tree, then evolved into a longhouse, and what has survived until now is the traditional stage-shaped Minahasa house. This is recorded in the research of Dr. WR Van Hoevell in his research in 1850.

The traditional stage-shaped Minahasa house consists of two types, namely stone pillars (wale weiwangin) and wooden beam pillars (wale meito’tol). This second type is the model of the Minahasa houses which are marketed in the village of Woloan. The traditional Minahasa house has deep meaning for the Minahasa community. “Local wisdom is also inherent in this house,” said Dr Paul Ricardo Renwarin at a national online seminar organized by the Indonesian Catholic Speakers Association (IKDKI), Kawanua Catholic (Kawkat) and the government of the North Sulawesi town of Tomohon Thursday (10/28). .

Ricardo, who is also a researcher at Minahasa and a cultural observer, added about From Nature to Culture. It is true that the construction of the house has a material-physical-inanimate model. But in the hands of human builders or builders, the natural-natural dead are transformed and arranged (cultivated) into life, namely the “living house” (the living house). Where does this philosophy of the house of life come from? By a particular treatment of the craftsmen, whether it is by actions, words, expressions, prayers, symbols in the course of construction or construction of a house. Ricardo also explained the importance of understanding the flow of building a house, from the foundation stone to the use of the house to inhabit or the term Minahasa, namely the event of acquiring a new house.

Another speaker, Dr Krismanto Kusbiantoro, saw the Woloan house on stilts with a view to reinforcing the traditional architecture of the archipelago. From an architectural point of view, the house can be seen in two dimensions, namely the house as a shelter and the house as a shelter. Krismanto explained that in the case of the vernacular architecture of Southeast Asia which has a hot climate accompanied by precipitation and high humidity (about 70% to 100% have high humidity and temperature of about 30 degrees Celsius), the logic model is the shelter model. This means having large openings for air to enter, sunlight in, and a wide, wide roof to withstand heavy rains.

Seven common features of traditional housing in Southeast Asia are tripartite dwellings, storeys of different heights, roofs sloping outward, decorations on the wuwung, roofs curved like horse saddles and processing. different from wood between roots and shoots. For the architect, the Woloan house on stilts is a tripartite dwelling because there are legs in the form of stilts with undersides, the body of the house in the form of walls with windows and doors, and the head in the form of a roof with two slopes. Krismanto also added that the woloan stilt houses have floors of different heights. The height difference in some areas like the bathroom terrace is smaller.

Another speaker, Anton J Supit, saw it from an economic and business perspective. “What is the influence of the Woloan stilt house industry on improving the well-being of the local population,” he said. “How can houses that are not sold become an attraction for tourist destinations”. As an entrepreneur, he sees that in order to increase sales or tourism value, touches of modern architecture are needed without having to give up the element of local wisdom. The essence of this first webinar series organized by the Indonesian Catholic Speakers Association (IKDKI), Kawanua Catholic (Kawkat) and the Tomohon City Government of North Sulawesi is the unification of various perspectives.

Tomohon City Mayor Caroll Senduk, who was present at this webinar, greatly appreciated the Speakers Village program. The IKDKI President and Kawkat both agree and hope that the online webinar series to be held until the sixth series will produce new breakthroughs in the future for the development of woloan stilt houses and have positive, economic and socio-cultural impacts, in particular for local communities.

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“In the midst of modernization, local wisdom and national culture must be preserved, studied and developed into national excellence. There are many philosophies contained in the national culture, which can strengthen and unify the nation. IKDKI as an organization for Catholic speakers brings capable values ​​and will serve to continue to contribute to the development of national culture and local wisdom, through various academic activities, research, publications and community services in collaboration with various institutions and organizations in the community ”, a concluded Professor Agustinus Purna Irawan, President of IKDKI. (RO / OL-14


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