Jokowi’s second year and the challenges of the next three years

Jokowi’s second year and the challenges of the next three years

GOVERNMENT Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin are now two years old. The public considers that a number of achievements deserve to be appreciated. However, there are also many critical notes that need to be addressed immediately. Of course, in order to leave a political legacy up to expectations at the end of his term.

One of the highlights of Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin’s success is the ability to reduce political polarization by embracing Gerindra as part of the governing coalition. PAN later joined with the same reason to reduce the division. The polarization is still ongoing, but not as strong as in the 2019 presidential election. Slowly, the polarization can be reduced.

It is very difficult to imagine how complicated the management of the COVID-19 pandemic would be if Gerindra and PAN were still not in power. How difficult it is for Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin to cope with the onslaught of criticism from opposition groups related to various strategic political policies in the management of the crown. Even though, at the same time, the accommodation policy turned out to have blunted the power of the opposition in parliament.

The second achievement concerns the successful management of the Covid-19 pandemic, which is gradually improving. Unlike the initial period, which promises to be confusing. Currently more advanced. Massive vaccinations tracer systematically linked to the spread of the virus, and hospital facilities are much more adequate than before. Although there are still many shortcomings, in general corona management is relatively systematic and measurable.

In fact, Indonesia is said to be one of the countries considered to have succeeded in controlling the spread of the corona epidemic well. The positive implication is that Indonesia is starting to emerge from the recession and is slowly recovering from economic conditions which increased by 7%. Even if there is nothing to be proud of, at least this growth becomes a heavenly breeze to do recovery economy in the future.

Third, the government’s relations with Islamic political groups. In their sophomore year, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin knew very well how to deal with political Islamist groups in Indonesia. Some were beaten, some were kissed. Despite the various controversies, after the dissolution of the HTI and the FPI, there was hardly any noise claiming to be in the name of the criminalization of Islam. Political conditions are increasingly stable and under control. On the other hand, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin embraced traditional Islamic groups, especially NU, being an important part of building a religious political narrative in line with the domestic domestic atmosphere.

Critical note

In addition to the success, there are of course a number of critical notes related to the two years of Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin. First, the weak commitment to democracy. Indonesia’s democracy index is declining. In fact, it is considered the lowest of the past 14 years. There are many indications, for example, that freedom of expression is still a serious problem. The majority of the public feel uncomfortable. Indeed, the fear of criticizing the government raises the fear of being reported in the name of defamation or provocation.

In the statement from The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) regarding the 2020 Democracy Index Report, Indonesia is ranked 64th in the world. Although Indonesia’s ranking remains the same as the year before, democracy scores tend to decline. Parameters used to determine democracy in a country, one of which concerns political participation, elections and pluralism, political culture and civil liberties.

Second, the corruption perception index has significantly decreased. Worse in 20 years. Of course, this is a serious problem. Amid government efforts to create clean and good governance, in fact, the score on eradicating corruption is low. The findings of Transparency International Indonesia (TII) 2020 indicate that Indonesia is ranked 102 out of 180 countries in the world. Down three points from the previous year.

At the ASEAN level, Indonesia is below Singapore, Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Timor Leste. In addition, other elements that have contributed to public discontent with the eradication of corruption relate to the revision of the KPK law and the dismissal of a number of employees who are believed to have weakened the KPK from inside.

Third, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin are seen as having little commitment to human rights. It seems that the issue of human rights is considered not very sexy because it is rarely discussed. We are talking more about infrastructure and economic development which, in practice, is still not encouraging.

Second Period Curse Threat

The saying goes, you don’t have to cry over spilled milk. In two years, a lot has been accomplished. There are also many critical notes. Going forward, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin must focus on paying back all of their political promises, especially the promise of economic growth, improving the quality of democracy, managing corruption and issues of human rights. No need to be romantic, let alone bemoan the things that happened.

Of course, it is not easy to keep all political promises. Over the next three years, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin will be under the curse of a second term. There is a historical correspondence that always leaves a trauma. In SBY’s second term, for example, opposition emerged from within. A number of coalition parties disagree with SBY political policies on various important issues. For example, about increasing fuel and TDL.

Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin are of course under threat of a second term. Political elements began to emerge. Recently, a number of PDIP elites have started to criticize corona management. Including the elite Gerindra, like Fadli Zon, has relentlessly criticized the political policies of the government. These are natural signs that must be read seriously as critical attitudes have started to emerge from the elite of the governing coalition parties.

The second threat is the potential abandonment of Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin because all coalition parties are busy with the business of the 2024 simultaneous general election. It is common knowledge that before the elections all parties take care of themselves more than focusing on helping the government. At this point, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin need to be careful because all of their lofty political promises could fail miserably.

Currently, many elite coalition political parties, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin, have been spreading their charms through billboards. This is a serious sign that the party is starting to put in place political bricks for the long road to 2024. Next year will be a political year. All parties will surely be busy with their respective kitchens.

Going forward, Jokowi and Ma’ruf Amin must be able to ensure that all parties in the coalition remain comfortable so that fears of a second term can be avoided. Distribution of political authority, the key to the party is always happy in the coalition. There should no longer be the impression that Jokowi only fully trusts one minister and seems to ignore the others. Inequality of authority can lead to jealousy of the internal politics of the coalition. By the way, the public is still hoping that Jokowi will give Ma’ruf Amin an open space to explore all of his political abilities. It’s not just a question of religion.


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